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Natural Pearls VS Cultured Pearls: Benefits & Differences

Natural Pearls vs Cultured Pearls

In the world of authentic pearls, there are two primary types, often compared to one another: natural pearls vs cultured pearls. Fact is, both types are real gemstones, but it’s the way they are formed that makes them different.

Creation: The Biggest Difference Between Natural Pearls vs Cultured Pearls

How is a natural pearl created? A natural pearl is formed organically when an irritant finds itself inside the oyster’s soft tissue muscle accidentally. This irritant, such as seawater sand or dust, activates the oyster’s defense mechanism, causing it to produce layers of secretions. The secretion (also called nacre) slowly develops into a natural pearl.

Natural Pearls vs Cultured Pearls
Natural Pearls vs Cultured Pearls . Image Source: Diny’s Jewelry

What’s the difference in the way a cultured pearl is formed? Basically, a cultured pearl is born through the very same process. However, the main difference between natural pearls vs cultured pearls is that the irritant is not inserted accidentally.

What Is a Cultured Pearl

Pearl cultivation involves the process of pearl farmers physically inserting an irritant, such as a shell bead nucleus, inside the soft tissue of the oyster. From there, the layers of nacre are formed naturally, just like with natural pearls.  

So, the main difference between natural and cultured pearls is the way the secretion process begins. With natural pearls, the process takes place in the ocean, without any human intervention. On the other side, cultured pearls require the assistance of pearl farmers to begin the nacre-forming process.

Why Are Natural Pearls So Rare (with Higher Pearl Value)?

As mentioned above, natural pearls are created in the ocean. It can take more than 100,000 of these deep-sea-living creatures to make just one strand of pearls. And, with so many sea-borne predators, ocean-pollution, oyster divers and other factors that cause premature deaths for the animals, finding quality gems when diving for pearls is quite rare these days.

Bahrain pearl divers shave their heads, grease their bodies and use ropes and baskets to dive for natural pearls.
Bahrain pearl divers shave their heads, grease their bodies and use ropes and baskets to dive for natural pearls. Krikor calls them “The Japanese who killed the Natural Pearl.” Image Source: Selamta Magazine

As a result, the demand and the value of natural pearls is set to go through the roof. The rarity of the gemstones increases the costs, making them not affordable to most. Pearl cost is one of the biggest differences between natural pearls vs cultured pearls. 

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Cultured pearls tackle this problem and more. Different types of oysters produce different pearl colors, sizes and shapes. Moreover, oysters also create pearls with different overtones, surface quality and luster – and all of these factors determine the value of a pearl.

Freshwater cultured pearl grading
Freshwater cultured pearl grading. Image Source: China Dialogue
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Cultured Pearl Quality

Because cultured pearls are created in controlled environments, the survival rates of the oysters are much higher. This allows pearl farmers to produce high-quality, authentic pearls at higher rates than what can be obtained by oyster divers.

As a matter of fact, according to the American Gem Society, most of the ocean’s natural pearls have already been harvested by pearl divers.

Therefore, even though the quality of a cultured pearl may be the same as that of a natural pearl, the cultured version is generally much more affordable because of its rarity.

4 Benefits of Cultured Pearls vs Natural Pearls

Black Tahitian Pearls

Black Tahitian Pearls. Image Credit: tahiti © 123RF.com

When comparing natural pearls vs cultured pearls, there are some advantages to both types of gemstones. Here are four of the benefits of cultured pearls over their ocean-life counterparts:

1. Same Pearl Quality

Once the irritant is placed inside the oyster, the rest of the cultured pearl growth process is natural. The animal is tended to and nurtured by pearl farmers who want nothing more than a successful crop. With luck, experience and care, the oysters go on to create high-quality gems, with the same pearl quality as natural pearls.

EDITOR’S NOTES:

Given technological advances in the cultivation process throughout the past decade, some now consider cultured pearls to possess even more quality than natural pearls.  For example, though freshwater pearls are widely thought of as the most affordable type of pearl, they now regularly feature a deep luster and a high surface quality. What does this mean for you? Finding a stunning piece of pearl jewelry which is high-grade and budget-friendly has never been easier. 

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2. Lower Pearl Cost

Because natural pearls are so rare, they are extremely expensive. There are few, if any, left in the seas to harvest anymore. So, buying natural pearls means finding a vintage pearl or antique pearl jewelry, which often comes with astronomical costs.

Cultured pearls are nurtured on pearl farms, giving them pretty decent survival rates. And, to deflate one of the most common pearl myths floating around, cultured pearls are REAL pearls.

3. Safer Than Pearl Diving

There are numerous dangers of diving for pearls in the open waters. Firstly, this profession is not only dangerous, but almost obsolete these days. Yet, some still go out diving for oysters, hoping to come up with a nice supply of quality natural pearls. But fact is, pearl divers risk suffering from run-ins with:

  • Hypothermia
  • Decompression sickness
  • Environmental risks
  • Dangerous sea creatures
  • Deep water blackout
  • Drowning

So many deaths were reported in the pearl diving industry throughout its thriving years. This also contributes to the rarity and still-soaring costs of buying natural pearls. Cultured pearl farms are privately owned, and safe for both the cultivators and the oysters.

4. More Pearl Jewelry Styles

FASHION TIPS
The increase in the supply of pearls available on the market has not only led to more affordable prices, but in addition, designers being able to experiment with new and unique designs. In recent years, tin cup pearl jewelry has become quite popular. These fashion-forward pieces feature a chic aesthetic and can be integrated into a variety of different outfits for some extra style. 

Just like natural pearls, cultured pearls are created in both freshwater and saltwater. Different types of oysters are used to cultivate different saltwater and freshwater gems in various:

READ MORE:  Back to Basics: What is Mother of Pearl?

Because natural pearls are so rare these days, most of the pearl jewelry you see on the market today features real cultured pearls. Using the same premise used by Mother Nature to create gems of the sea, pearl farmers know how to increase the chances of creating different types and styles of pearls.

This makes them one of the most versatile gems on the jewelry market. So, when shopping for natural pearls vs cultured pearls, expect to find more of a variety on the cultured market.

The Benefits of Cultured Pearl Jewelry vs Natural Pearl Jewelry

What are the benefits of buying natural pearls? Well, basically, it means you have arrived. You are probably one of those fashionable divas or fashion kings who has the money to spend of thousands of dollars-worth of natural pearl jewelry. Hey now!!!

The Benefits of Cultured Pearl Jewelry vs Natural Pearl Jewelry
Image Source: The Spruce

But, if you’re like most of us, you simply can’t afford the costs of buying natural pearls. Instead, concentrate on the benefits of cultured pearls. This will get you so much more for you hard-earned bucks. Plus, the quality and luster of the gems will be just as visually appealing as their ocean-bred counterparts.

These are just some of the differences of natural pearls vs cultured pearls. And, always remember, cultured pearls are real pearls

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Kiesha Joseph

The Pearl Source Content Manager at Content Marketing Geek Corporation
Kiesha Joseph is the Managing Content Editor for ThePearlSource.com, a leading online pearl jewelry website offering high-quality pearls at affordable prices. Kiesha is a Content Marketing Geek who enjoys educating her audience on a broad range of topics, including trends in marketing, SEO, jewelry, fashion, celebrity style and more.
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