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Birthstones 101 and a Complete Guide to the June Birthstone

Birthstones Ruby and Topaz

Last Updated on July 24, 2023 by Carla Jonas

Estimated reading time: 34 minutes

Interested in learning more about birthstones? And in particular the June birthstone? Find all the information you need to know about these delightful gems right here. What is a birthstone? Where do birthstones come from? What is the birthstone for my month? From the pearly June birthstone and fine emerald to the vibrantly colored December birthstones, each one of these gems carries its own mystery and history. Let’s start by answering these questions. Then, focus on the June Birthstone. The three exquisite gemstones designated for people born in June. Let’s begin!

What is a Birthstone?

Simply put, birthstones are gemstones that represent a person’s birth month. Each month has a unique gem (sometimes more than one) associated with it. The gem usually holds a special meaning for those born in that month. They have special meanings since the ancient times and they offer benefits to the wearer. Each birthstone has a distinct beauty that creates a captivating appearance on a piece of jewelry. In fact, this is how they’re most commonly worn. Birthstones are not only worn during the specific month they’re associated with. Instead, you can enjoy their beauty throughout the whole year. Often, these gems are given as a gift to someone on their birthday. That’s not only because of their beauty but the meaning behind them too.

Birthstones – The Basics

What is the birthstone for all 12 months?

January – garnet
February – amethyst
March – bloodstone, aquamarine
April – diamond
May – emerald
June – pearl, moonstone, alexandrite
July – ruby
August – sardonyx, peridot
September – sapphire
October – opal, tourmaline
November – topaz, citrine
December – turquoise, zircon, tanzanite

What are the 2 birthstones for each month?

Here are the birthstones for each month, according to US and UK tradition:
January – garnet / garnet
February – amethyst / amethyst
March – bloodstone, aquamarine – bloodstone, aquamarine
April – diamond / diamond, rock crystal
May – emerald / emerald, chrysoprase
June – pearl, moonstone, alexandrite / pearl, moonstone
July – ruby / ruby, carnelian
August – sardonyx, peridot / peridot, sardonyx
September – sapphire / sapphire, lapis lazuli
October – opal, tourmaline / opal
November – topaz, citrine / topaz, citrine
December – turquoise, zircon, tanzanite / tanzanite, turquoise

Why does June have 3 birthstones?

The main reason why some months have multiple birthstones is because various ancient stones have become too rare, so it is less likely for them to be available on the market and to satisfy consumer needs. June’s three birthstones are pearl, moonstone, and alexandrite – the only other month with three birthstones is December, with turquoise, zircon, and tanzanite.

Birthstones by Month

(for more info click on each birthstone)

EmeraldPearl, Alexandrite, Moonstone
RubyPeridot, Spinel
SapphireTourmaline, Opal
Citrine, TopazZircon, Tanzanite, Turquoise


Delight a loved one born in June with a classic addition to their jewelry box: a pair of Pearl Earrings. Whether you opt for birthstone jewelry featuring Tahitian pearls and their exotic green and blue sheen, delicate pink or classic white birthstone earrings, there is no other gem as elegant as pearls. Browse our collection and admire the beautiful June birthstone in modern and classic designs, including bridal and bridesmaid earrings, gifts for mom and classic and modern designs.

Birthstones By Mohs Scale of Hardness Ranking

The Mohs Hardness Scale was developed in 1812 by Friedrich Mohs. He was a German mineralogist. In the scale, hardness defines the mineral’s resistance to being scratched. A hardness grade of “10” signifies that a mineral is very scratch-resistant. Meanwhile, a “1” grade suggests the mineral is very prone to scratches.

A mineral gets scratches when an external object breaks its chemical bonds. The test is usually conducted by checking whether one sample of a mineral is able to visibly scratch another. The scale is ordinal. Thus, even though a diamond is four times harder than a topaz, their scores are 10 and 9, respectively. Despite being more than 200 years old, the scale is still widely used by geologists today.

1. Diamond10
2. Ruby, Sapphire9
3. Alexandrite8.5
4. Topaz8
5. Aquamarine, Emerald, and Spinel7.5-8
6. Zircon7.5
7. Tourmaline7-7.5
8. Amethyst, Citrine7
9. Garnet6.5-7.5
10. Peridot6.5-7
11. Moonstone, Tanzanite6-6.5
12. Opal5.5-6.5
13. Turquoise5-6
14. Pearl2.5-4.5

Birthstone Meanings

Throughout their history, birthstones have been associated with folklore. They detail various symbolic powers and qualities, just like zodiac signs. The belief is that by wearing your birthstone, you connect to the qualities it represents. Nowadays, many do not believe the mythical healing powers of the birthstones. But, their symbolic meaning is still valued. More generally, birthstones are considered to be a token of good fortune for those born in the month.

Where Do Birthstones Come From?

Birthstones have been significant since ancient times. Also, their history is fascinating. To get started, we cover one extremely common question that many people have. How did the idea of birthstones first originate?

Biblical birthstones
(Image Courtesy of Listverse)

The idea of birthstones has its roots in Biblical times. As written in the Bible, in the book of Exodus, Moses describes the ceremonial priest’s garment. It was to be made for his older brother Aaron, a high priest. He gives directions to adorn the breastplate with twelve different gemstones. Thus, each symbolizing one of the twelve tribes of Israel.

“And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.” Exodus 28:21

Titus Flavius Josephus was a first-century Romano-Jewish historian. He was the first to make a connection between the twelve gemstones and the twelve zodiac signs. Later, the twelve months of the Roman calendar. For centuries, the standard practice was to have all twelve gemstones and wear them each month. Then, custom changed. Instead, only the gemstone of the month you were born had to be worn throughout the year.

Birthstones – Different Now

As to which specific gemstones were initially used as part of the twelve remains a highly debated topic. Not only are there are differences in information in various versions of the Bible, but it’s also very difficult to interpret. This is mostlydue to the fact that there was very little understanding of minerals during Biblical times. Thus, the descriptions were often inaccurate.

Many combinations of birthstones were used until 1912. Later, the American National Jewelers’ Association, put together the first official list. Though this list has little connection to the original set of gemstones described in the Bible, it is regarded as the most authoritative source.

Since 1912, there have been a few updates to the list. Specifically, about June birthstones. In the original list, pearl and moonstone were listed as the only birthstones for the month of June. In 1952, nearly a century after first being discovered, alexandrite was also added to the list. Thus, those born in June have three stunning gemstones to choose from. We will take a closer look at each of them in the next section.

What is my Birthstone?

1. January Birthstone – Garnet

(Image Courtesy of National & Gem Jewellery Authority)

These alluring gemstones are most famous for rich red hues. However, they come in many other colors including orange, green, and even purple. Each of these colors represents a specific variety of garnet. That’s the reason why the minerals are called that way too.

There are six members of the garnet family: pyrope, almandine, spessartine, andradite, grossular, and uvarovite. They are each found in a different country. Anywhere from the United States (pyrope) to Siberia (grossular). The vivid red and pink shades of the pyrope are a result of the chromium and vanadium traces. Meanwhile, the more purplish-red hues in almandine come from iron. The yellow and orange shades that spessartines are known for are because of manganese.

The name comes from the Latin word granatum which translates to “seedlike.” It’s a reference to pomegranate (pomum granatum) seeds which the gemstone resembles. Garnets have been found in ancient Egyptian tombs that date back 5,000 years. That only shows a longstanding connection people have had with these gems. For those born in January, this birthstone brings peace, good fortune, and long-lasting friendship.

2. February Birthstone – Amethyst

(Image Courtesy of Plants Hospital)

February babies have Amethyst as their birthstone. This gem protects those born in the month from negative energy. The palette of the gemstones features breathtaking shades of purple ranging from light lavender to violet. Due to its color, ancient Greeks associated the gem with Bacchus, and believed that it protected against intoxication. The name actually comes from the Greek amethystos, meaning “not intoxicating.” Today, most of the amethyst supply comes from South American countries such as Brazil and Uruguay. But, also from Sri Linka, Siberia, Canada, and the United States. The gemstone gets its violet color primarily from iron impurities. But, some scientists argue that exposure to natural radiation can also have an effect.

3. March Birthstone – Aquamarine

(Image Courtesy of Learning Geology)

Aquamarine is a gemstone that comes from the same beryl family as emeralds. The name originates from the Latin words aqua and marina. Together they translate to “sea water” and represent the stone’s color. The tranquility of the stone invoked by its light blue shades holds significance in its meaning. It’s is believed to protect sailors against rough seas, as well as soldiers going into battle. Today, people believe that the gemstone to helps to ensure safe travels.

READ MORE:  39 Types of White Gemstones: Properties, Uses and Benefits

Aquamarine comes from Brazil, as well as the United States. In fact, it’s the official stone for the state of Colorado. Like amethyst, aquamarine owes its light blue color to the presence of iron.

4. April Birthstone – Diamond

Diamond Bithstone
(Image Courtesy of BB and O Flowers)

As the world’s most popular gemstone, diamonds are treasured all over the globe. In fact, they have been for thousands of years. Ancient Romans and Greeks believed that the gemstones were made of tears of the gods. Though white diamonds are most common and especially popular in engagement rings, more rare varieties include black, yellow, red, and blue. They are the hardest gemstone of all, over 50 times harder than anything else found in nature.

Diamonds are a symbol of purity and everlasting love. Thus, it’s a perfect gift for someone special in your life that’s born in April. Diamonds come from many different countries. Some of the largest exports are Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Canada, and Russia. The gems that are chemically and structurally perfect are naturally colorless. Colored diamonds, on the other hand, are a result of chemical impurities and structural imperfections. A few examples: boron in the crystal matrix (blue diamonds) or deformation of the crystal lattice due to heat and pressure (pink gemstones and red diamonds).


Diamonds and Pearls make a great pair. If you love the brilliance of diamonds just as much as you love the luster of pearls, then make sure to browse our creations. Our Drop Earrings collection features a wide range of styles that showcase the beauty of pearls and diamonds, perfect for your diamond wedding milestone and pearl anniversary. Pick your favorite pair featuring the gorgeous June birthstone enriched with twinkling diamonds and cherish it forever.

5. May Birthstone – Emerald

Emerald Birthstone
(Image Courtesy of Symbols)

Emerald is the designated birthstone for May. The vibrant green hues of the gemstone exude a Springtime aura that’s a perfect fit for those born in the month. Because they’ve been treasured for thousands of years, there are many interpretations for their meaning. Today, a fine emerald is the symbol of passion and a zest for life. They come from different South American and African countries. Some of these include Brazil, Colombia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Gems in the beryl family are naturally colorless. But, chromium impurities give the gemstone its famous green color. Emeralds are some of the most expensive gemstones in the world.

6. June Birthstones – Pearl, Moonstone and Alexandrite

Pearl, Alexandrite, and Moonstone Birthstones

June has three birthstones, all of which are beautiful in their own way. All three June birthstones also offer their own symbolic meaning. Moonstone and alexandrite are a more recent addition to the birthstones list. Pearls and moonstones have a long history linked to them, while Alexandrite is a more recently discovered gem. In fact, it has begun to get more attention in the past couple of decades.

The Origins

Each one of the June birthstones (pearl alexandrite and moonstone) comes from various locations across the globe. Pearls can come from waters in China, Japan, Australia, the Philippines, and French Polynesia. Alexandrite, on the other hand, has always been exclusive to the mountains of Russia. However, a large deposit got discovered in Brazil. The United States, Brazil, and India are some of the largest exporters of moonstones. This June birthstone presents a unique color change in different lighting. It can appear green like an emerald by day, but also present a blue sheen in fluorescent light and appear purple under incandescent light. This quality of appearing green in daylight and different at night or in incandescent light makes it a popular choice for birthstone jewelry.


Out of the five pearl types, freshwater pearls are arguably the most popular today, primarily because of their affordability.

  • White pearls feature a traditional and elegant appeal. 
  • They are unisex, suitable both for women and mens pearl necklaces.
  • Multi-colored cultured pearls offer a unique and modern look.
  • You can opt for personalized jewelry like necklaces and bracelets featuring these gems, adorned with letter charms.

Opt for pearl birthstones if you are celebrating someone born in June. As the traditional June birthstone, the gem of the sea brings timeless elegance to any look, whether you opt for pearl rings, necklaces or bracelets.

June Birthstone Maintenance: Pearl Care

Pearls are expensive gemstones that deserve special care. In order to take the best care of your June birthstone rings, earrings and necklaces, do not apply perfume directly on the gems. To clean your June birthstones, use a damp cloth or a very soft brush to wipe the surface. Avoid completely submerging the pearls in warm water, as this can harm the silk thread.

The Colors of a Natural Pearl

Pearls are gems created by living creatures and their color depends on the shade of the outer shell of the mollusk. Alexandrite features a color-changing property (that we will cover later on). It’s a result of chromium traces in the mineral. Moonstone consists of orthoclase, and albite. They are stacked in alternating layers. This causes the adularescence which gives the gem its unique appearance. We describe each of these three June birthstones in-depth in the next section.

7. July BirthstoneRuby

Ruby Birthstone
(Image Courtesy of Connoisseurs)

Often referred to as the “King of Gems,” the ruby is the July birthstone. These gemstones feature a fiery red color that has made them one of the most recognized gems in the world. They symbolize qualities such as love, power, protection, and good fortune. For a long period of time, spanning hundreds of years, Burma was the only place in the world where rubies were found. Today, rubies are all over the world.

When an aluminum atom gets replaced by a chromium atom in the naturally colorless corundum mineral, it results in the rich red hues. Rubies have become revered for them.

8. August Birthstones – Peridot and Spinel

8. August Birthstones – Peridot and Spinel

There are two awe-inspiring gemstones associated with August: peridot and spinel. Peridot – prized for its distinctive lime green color that reflects under the light. Spinel, on the other hand, comes in a wide variety of elegant colors. As far as symbolic meaning, peridots bring prosperity. Spinel represents longevity.

Most peridots available on the market come from China, Pakistan, or the United States. However, Spinel comes from a host of countries, mainly in Central Asia and Africa. Peridot’s color depends on the percentage of iron that the mineral withholds. It can make the gem range from yellow and light green all the way to brown. Pure spinel is colorless. But, various chemical impurities fill it with an array of colors.

9. September Birthstone – Sapphire

Sapphire Birthstone
(Image Courtesy of National Geographic)

The radiant blue color of sapphires is chosen for the month of September. Despite their trademark blue hue, they also come in different colors such as pink and orange. These gems have played an important role in many historical cultures. Thus, they held many different meanings. Today, sapphires are a symbol of truth, genuineness, and nobility.

The largest deposits of sapphire are in Central and South East Asia, as well as Africa. Sapphires are a part of the same corundum family as rubies. Similar to rubies, they get their colors from impurities. For blue sapphire, these are iron and titanium impurities. If only iron is present then the gem becomes flat yellow. But, if only titanium is present, the mineral stays colorless. If both metals are present, a process known as charge transfer takes place. It changes the energy levels and produces the blue coloration. In addition to sapphire, some consider lapis lazuli as one of the birthstones for the month of September.

10. October Birthstones – Tourmaline and Opal

October Birthstones – Tourmaline and Opal

Unique Tourmalines

Tourmaline and opal are both the birthstones for the month of October. While tourmaline may not be one of the most recognized gemstones, there is no doubt that it is unique.  One reason is that they feature the largest assortment of colors out of all gemstones. The belief is that the gemstone possesses an inward energy which calms you down. Opals also posses many colors creating a truly enticing display of beauty. The colors of the gemstone enhance creativity. In the end, it’s safe to say that both gems are prime examples of nature’s beauty.

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Tourmaline is found all over the world, and its color typically depends on where it comes from. In contrast, 90% of the world’s opals come exclusively from one country: Australia. Tourmaline is composed a boron-silicate mineral. It’s made out of aluminum, iron, magnesium, sodium, lithium or potassium. Tourmalines that feature bright colors such as pink, red, green, blue, and yellow are rich in lithium. Less-desirable black and brown tourmalines are rich in iron or magnesium.

Reflective Opals

Opals reflect nearly every color of the rainbow and can present various colors in different lighting. This is due to one primary factor: diffraction of light. Opals diffract white light, splitting it as it enters from above. Then, reflects it on the top of the stone in all the colors of the spectrum. Also, certain opals can feature fluorescent light under an ultraviolet lamp. Opals come in many colors including white, yellow, red, orange, green, brown, black, blue and pink.

11. November Birthstones– Citrine and Topaz

November Birthstones– Citrine and Topaz

November claims two charming birthstones in citrine and topaz. Citrine is quite a rare gemstone and features a striking yellow color which is indicative of its name. The gem has been associated with positive energy and optimism. Topaz (which measures 8 on Mohs scale) has long been a favorite of jewelry collectors. Among some of its most popular colors are purple, pink, blue, and red. The gem is symbolic of faithfulness and loyalty, especially in friendship.

Most of the world’s citrine supply comes from Brazil. Topaz comes from there too. But, many other countries including Russia, Germany, Mexico, and the United States have it.

Citrine is another member of the quartz family, which also includes amethyst. Today, naturally colored citrine is extremely rare. As a result, most citrine is in fact amethyst that has been heat-treated to get its yellow color. Structurally perfect topaz features a color that ranges from yellow to brown. Impurities of chromium and iron give the stone the different colors mentioned above.

12. December Birthstones – Zircon, Tanzanite, and Turquoise

December Birthstones – Zircon, Tanzanite, and Turquoise

After tanzanite was added to the list of December birthstones in 2002. Thus, the month became the second one to feature three gemstones.  All three of these gemstones come in different varieties of blue—a perfect complement to the cold winter month. While they might share a common color, their meanings are quite different. Turquoise is a protective amulet, while zircon is symbolic of high energy. Lastly, tanzanite represents truth and dignity.

Zircon comes mainly from four countries: Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Burma, and Australia. Tanzanite is from Tanzania. Lastly, Turquoise deposits are in the United States, Iran, China, Chile, and Tibet.

Most zircon gemstones feature a brown color. But, color centers can form naturally if the trace elements are present. That gives zircon colors such as blue, green, and even gray. Tanzanite is typically found having a brown hue. However, heat treatments can “remove” this brown color to show its breathtaking violet. Turquoise is a mineral that consists of copper aluminum phosphate. The copper is the cause of its blue color. When the mineral contains traces of iron, it gets a green accent.

June Birthstones: Pearl, Moonstone, Alexandrite

June birthdays deserve to be celebrated in style – with the right June birthstone. What is the June birthstone? Pearl, in all its types and color varieties. As one of the few gems created by a living creature, natural cultured pearls are truly unique. Whether or not June is your birth month, you should enjoy the unique luster and many colors of the gems of the sea. And if you are shopping for a loved one, there is no better gift than the one featuring pearl and moonstone, aka the gorgeous gems of June.

June is one of the two months that has three birthstones. Pearls are thought of as the primary birthstone for the month. The other gemstones symbolic for this month: moonstone and alexandrite, which are considered alternative June gemstones. All three (pearl, moonstone and alexandrite) are remarkable gemstones with distinct histories, colors, shapes, and meanings.

Pearls and June Birthstones


Pearls are undoubtedly one of the earth’s most unique gemstones. They are composed of calcium carbonate and they are the only gemstones to come from a living creature. These include mollusks such as oysters. Also, clams that come from specific oceans and rivers located in different parts of the world. Today, cultured pearls are one of the most popular gemstones.

June Birthstone - Pearl
(Image Courtesy of Smithsonian Magazine)

The Meaning of Pearls

There are various interpretations as far as what the meaning of a natural pearls is. That’s mainly because so many different cultures treasured and embraced the gem and believed that pearls had special powers and benefits. What makes them truly unique: they are created by living creatures. Historically, the June birthstone was associated with water because of where it originated from. But, also with the moon because of their look.

Quick History of Pearls Facts: In ancient Chinese culture, people believed that pearls and mother of pearl brought wisdom. Today, pearls are most commonly believed to symbolize purity, integrity, and love. This belief comes from the ancient Greeks. They thought that pearls were Aphrodite’s hardened tears of joy. She is the ancient Greek goddess of love and beauty.


Pearl, moonstone and alexandrite are all gorgeous gems and June birthstones. But as the primary birthstone for the month of June, pearls make the best gift for anyone born in the first summer month. Few things compare to the beauty of a natural pearl its luster and many colors. Featuring unique designs that are strung with gold, tin cup pearl jewelry is one of our favorite gift choices. Not only are the many tin cup types of bracelets and necklaces designs delightful and fun, but by incorporating the pearl birthstones, the gift is also extremely thoughtful.  

The History of Pearls

People have treasured pearls since ancient times. In both ancient Egypt and Rome, royalty adorned themselves with the dazzling gemstone. Due to the extreme rarity and high value, they were symbols of power, class, and prestige. Though pearls continue to maintain very high levels of popularity today, they’re not the exorbitantly priced gems they once were.

Natural and Cultured Pearls

For thousands of years, all pearls were natural pearls. That means that they developed in nature entirely on their own. Divers would risk their lives to dive deep into waters and collect mollusks to collect the highly valuable natural pearls. That’s despite the slim chances of actually finding a pearl. Given their extreme rarity, natural pearls were and still continue to be expensive. Nearly all natural pearls available on the market today are vintage pieces. This is primarily due to one development which changed the pearl industry forever.

The First Farmed Pearls

In 1893, Kokichi Mikimoto developed the world’s first cultured pearls. These cultured pearls featured the same qualities as natural pearls. Also, they had more spherical shapes that people preferred. In the years that followed, the supply of cultured pearls increased dramatically. That lowered the price of the gems making them accessible by many more people. Cultured pearls were also a much more sustainable option than natural pearls. That’s because the population of wild mollusks was severely depleted by that point due to overharvesting. Today, nearly all pearls available for purchase today are cultured pearls. Natural pearls are extremely rare and valuable.

How Are Pearls Made?

In nature, pearls develop when a tiny particle gets trapped inside a mollusk completely by chance. To defend itself from this irritant, the mollusk begins to produce and coat the particle with nacre. It’s a composite made largely from aragonite that gives pearls their luster. In essence, this particle acts as the nucleus of the pearl. As the mollusk continues to coat the particle with nacre, a pearl slowly begins to form. It can take up to four years for a pearl to fully develop.

For cultured pearls, there is one significant difference in this development. It is how the particle is first introduced. Instead of this process happening randomly, pearl farmers deliberately insert it. From there, the process is exactly the same as for the natural pearl.

Pearl Formation

June Birthstone: Shapes, Colors, and Luster

Pearls come in a variety of exquisite colors that are all unique in their own way. Although white is most commonly associated with the gemstone, they are also available in other colors. That includes black, pink, and even a golden hue. And while perfectly round pearls are most popular, the gemstones also feature different shapes. Some of these are baroque pearls, semi-baroque, and drop-shaped. Although baroque and semi-baroque shapes are slightly irregular, they give the gemstone a one-of-a-kind aesthetic. And more people are coming to appreciate them.

READ MORE:  63 Types of Black Gemstones: Properties, Uses and Benefits

While color and shape are both important qualities of a pearl, many would say that a pearl’s luster is its defining characteristic. As mentioned before, this luster comes from the quality of the nacre that a mollusk uses to create the pearl. The luster is the reason why the gemstone reflects the light in such a way as though if it’s glowing from the inside.

The color, shape, and luster-quality of cultured pearls all depend on the type of pearl, which we discuss in the next section.

color, shape, and luster-quality of a pearl
(Image Courtesy of Quiet Curator)

Types of Pearls

There are four pearl types: Freshwater, Akoya, Handama, Tahitian, and South Sea. Each type of cultured pearls features distinct characteristics that vary in the qualities we discussed above. Also, in size and value. Additionally, they all come from different geographic locations.

Freshwater Pearls: Found in lakes and rivers in China. Freshwater pearls are one of the most popular types of pearls. This is because of their reasonable price-points. Despite their affordability, they maintain a high level of quality. Especially in recent years with advances in Freshwater pearl cultivation. From white to pink, cream, and lavender, Freshwater pearls come in a wide variety of stunning colors.

Imitation pearls can be abundantly found on the market today. The simplest way to tell if the jewelry piece you are interested in purchasing features natural or imitation pearls is the tooth test. Gems that feel smooth are not natural and real pearls feel textured against the teeth.

Saltwater Pearls

Akoya Pearls

Japanese Akoya cultured pearls were one of the first types of pearls to get cultivated. They have since become a distinguished pearl type revered around the world. Not only do they feature perfectly spherical shapes, but also very high luster. A white Akoya pearl necklace is considered one of the most classic and timeless pieces of jewelry that money can buy. Akoya pearls are part of the saltwater pearls group. Some of the most lustrous Akoya Pearls are found on the coast of Australia and in Japan.

Tahitian Pearls

Despite their name, Tahitian pearls don’t only come from Tahiti. Instead, you can find them on the coast of many islands that make up French Polynesia. These cultured pearls are unlike any other. And this is primarily due to the breathtaking colors of these saltwater pearls. Most notable is their irresistible black hue. But, others include a peacock green, silver blue, and eggplant.

South Sea Pearls

There are two variations of South Sea pearls: white and golden. White South Sea pearls are found on the coast of Australia. Meanwhile, Golden South Sea pearls come from the Philippines. Both feature pearls that are larger than any of the other types. They’re perfect for someone looking for a set of bold, lavish pearls. Recently, the white gems have been used in the creation of alternative engagement rings.

Pearls deserve special care. To take the best care of your pearls, make sure you do not apply perfume directly on the gems. To clean your pearls, use a damp cloth or a very soft brush to wipe the surface. Avoid submerging the pearls in warm water, as this can harm the silk thread.


What is the perfect piece of jewelry? They need to be able to take any outfit to the next level, and work with a variety of different colors and styles. Pearl necklaces do just that, and a natural pearl is the ultimate symbol of natural beauty. As one of the most iconic pieces of jewelry and one of the few gems created by living organisms, they provide the perfect touch of class, refinement, and shine. Whether you were born in June or any other month, there’s no doubt a pearl necklace is something every woman should have in their jewelry box. 


The next June birthstone: moonstone. Moonstone is an incredibly luminous gemstone. Though this June birthstone is not quite as popular as pearls, many would argue that it is just as beautiful.

The History of Moonstone

The birthstone moonstone comes from the feldspar mineral group, which makes up a good portion of the earth’s crust. As a result, there are many different geographical locations where this June birthstone can be found. That includes the United States, Brazil, India, and Armenia, to name a few. They’ve been adorned by people for thousands of years. The stone has been prevalent in ancient Roman, Greek, and Hindu cultures. These gems were especially particular during the Art Nouveau era between 1890 and 1910. Jewelers in this period made frequent use of the gemstone to decorate jewelry.

june birthstone - moonstone
(Image Courtesy of Crystal Cave)

The Adularescence of Moonstones

The most striking quality of moonstones is their adularescence, or schiller, as it’s often referred to as. As light strikes a moonstone, the internal structure of the June birthstone makes the light scatter. It gives the same visual effect as when clouds are lit up by the moon. This is where the name of the moonstone originates from. In fact, in many ancient cultures, the gemstone was thought to had been created from moonbeams.

The Meaning of Moonstone

The serene beauty of this June birthstone is where its meaning comes from. More precisely, the soothing aesthetic of the moon. Historically, the gem has been a talisman for the soul and spirit. Moonstones have a feminine, positive energy that brings inner-peace, tranquility, and balance like no other gem. The captivating appearance of the gem is indicative of this symbolism. Thus, making it easy to understand and embrace its meaning.


(Image Courtesy of GIA)

The third birthstone: alexandrite. This June birthstone was discovered in 1830 by Finnish mineralogist Nils Gustaf Nordenskiöld. He initially believed that the gemstone was emerald. However, two distinguishing factors made him realize that he had found a new gem. One was that this stone was a lot harder than emeralds. Next was the way the stone changed color under light, which is unlike other gemstones.

This June Birthstone was originally named diaphanite by Nordenskiöld. But, it didn’t last long. The stone came from Russia’s Ural Mountains—the only place in the world it was found at the time. With sole access to this gemstone, Russia’s royalty stepped in and renamed the newly discovered gem after the country’s future leader, Tsar Alexander II, hence the name of the gem. Alexander II was the most prominent Tsar of Russia, also known as Alexander the Liberator.

When Alexandrite was added to the list of June birthstones in 1952, Russia was still the only place of source. And by that point, the supply was extremely depleted. It wasn’t until thirty years later when other deposits of Alexandrite were found in India, Burma, and Brazil. Despite this new supply, this June Birthstone is still considered extremely rare. Thus, it is one of the world’s most expensive gemstones. This is the reason why alexandrite jewelry is very valuable.

The Gemstone’s Unique Ability to Change Colors

Birthstone Alexandrite changing colors

It shifts colors under different sources of light—what is sometimes called the “Alexandrite effect.” When viewed in daylight, the color varies from a bluish-green to a yellow-green. Under incandescent light, the color ranges from a pink hue to a crimson red. As the saying goes, “emerald by day, ruby by night.”

The scientific explanation for this color-change is as follows. Under different lighting conditions, this June birthstone absorbs specific wavelengths of the spectrum and reflects others. This is due to traces of chromium found in the gemstone. It results in strong absorption of yellow and green. In daylight where there is plenty of green light, the gemstone reflects this light back out. However, in artificial light, there isn’t a large source of green light. As a result, the gem instead reflects the red rays that the light source contains.

The Meaning of Alexandrite

Since this June birthstone doesn’t have an ancient history as the case with the other two June birthstones, there isn’t as much lore tied to it. That said, since its discovery, people have come to associate the stone with a few meanings. As a birthstone, the gem inspires creativity and the imagination. It is also symbolic of hope, good fortune, positive energy and optimism, which is one of the main appeals of alexandrite jewelry. Thus, reminding us that each type of light brings a new beauty to life that should never be taken for granted.

Pearls, moonstone and alexandrite are all known for their unique qualities. Fact is, the birthstones June has to offer are all highly unique. Whether you love iridescent pearl, luminous moonstone or color-changing alexandrite, June brings three gorgeous alternatives to the table.


Gemstones are some of the earth’s most beautiful natural treasures. Birthstones are great in that they give people a special connection to gemstones. One that goes beyond beauty and extends into symbolic meaning. If you’re born in June, consider yourself lucky to have three birthstone options that are all dazzling and embrace different meanings. With all that said, one question remains: which one will you decide on?


Imitation pearls can not compare with the mesmerizing beauty of natural gems. Real pearls are exquisite gems in all their varieties, shapes and sizes – but if unmatched luster is what you’re after, shop our collection of Hanadama Pearls. Immaculate, mirror-like sheen and classic radiance, wrapped in classic white hues, all in a collection designed to stand the test of time.

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Sos Nazaryan
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